Syria A War-Torn Country Uses Crypto to Power an Anarchist State


A region that counts 4 million people in northern Syria turns to the cryptocurrency to overcome economic sanctions.

The Guardian, also known as the Democratic Federation of Northern Syria, has spent the last six years in the war for its territory. Now, in times of fragile peace, the country is subject to economic sanctions on all sides - Turkey, Iran, Syria and Iraq. In the midst of this uncertainty, however, those who support the state put a new emphasis on monetary independence.

Since the principal currency is Syrian lira, which is also the main currency of the Syrian state (and the main enemy of Rojava), cryptocurrency motion could be an "alternative," said Erselan Serdem, head of the technology development program in the country.

Parallel to the system of autonomous municipalities, Rojava plans to set up a new technology academy, with a special emphasis on cryptography and cryptography, said Serdem. Amir Taaki, one of the first Bitcoin developers who fought in the Rojava revolution, participates in the change.

As described by CoinDesk, Taaki establishes a technology academy headquartered in Barcelona, ​​Barcelona.



"It is a revolutionary project that wants to build a new society founded on anarchist principles, which includes law, defense, society, and culture," said Taaki CoinDesk.

The new academies follow the philosophy of Kurdish political theorist Abdullah Ocalan, who promotes a form of governance called "democratic confederalism." Defying direct democracy, feminism, and ecology, Serdem said that blockade and cryptocurrency are critical to the realization of this vision.

"There is a need for technology to use less water, technology to have an equal relationship with Earth, network usage technology, such as blockchain, we see blockchain as a practical network in a society that people use," said Serdem.

While accepting a crypto-currency throughout the region is an ambitious project, Serdem believes that Rojavino's war experience has enabled it to effectively organize its activities and set a positive example for the world.

"We have to think severely about the future of the new system and how people can democratically organize and manage funds without any centralization," Serdem said, adding:

"Our system is called a decentralized society system."




New infrastructure
Pressing for cryptocurrency is significant because at the time of writing this report, the Rojava economy was based solely on paper currencies, according to Taaki, who spent nearly two years in the country at war time.

Taaki reports that, for this reason, he developed a significant infrastructure for processing paper currencies, with centers around the country exclusively devoted to accounting. Combined with high inflation, this means that local people depend on large amounts of money to secure their transactions.

Economic penalties with neighboring countries are such that, for sending money outside the region, payments are also subject to high taxes.

"Cost of the transaction with Istanbul is now 10%," says Taaki, "and we believe that with cryptocurrency value we can generate 2% globally, not just Istanbul."

As such, Taaki said that the first steps were to equip Bitcoin transmitters and provide residents with software portfolios translated into local languages. Also, billing infrastructure such as Bitcoin's lightning network or a personalized canvas network could be deployed to keep the store fast, cheap and secure, Taaki added.

Research is also being carried out on non-Internet based online solutions, such as radio-transmitted cryptography and currency-related crypto paper.

"No one has a mobile phone, so we think paper money research is an important project," Taaki said.

However, although work has to be done before crypto-valence can be used in the region, Taaki and Serdem have stressed that steps are needed to ensure the autonomy of the Guardian from neighboring forces.

"We do not wish to depend on the Syrian government's money, which is state money, we want to trade with our crypto-economy," said Serdem.

Serdem nevertheless emphasized that before the implementation of the cryptocurrency must have been completed a fundamental analysis, which would require intensive documentation of the human population, geography studies and natural resources such as oil, oil, and gas. Water and sun.

"These are the resources," Serdem said. "To create an academy, you need a resource." To create a network of blocks, resources are also needed, we need to calculate all the resources and use them in that process. "

Above the money
The new company in Rojava is based on a cooperative system that meets each of the various functions within the company.

For example, co-operatives doing health care, agriculture, media, and art make volunteers who maintain a strong non-compulsory principle. He added that the technology committee would contribute to the creation of local cryptocurrency ​​to enable these cooperatives to trade and issue financial instruments that can be used for fundraising purposes.

"Cooperatives can exchange with each other based on currencies that are attached to the basket of goods or simply float on the market," said Taaki.



Furthermore, the Technological Commission intends to use blockage beyond its financial implications.

For example, Serdem noted that the blockchain could be set up as a new management infrastructure that allows distributed and democratic control and a high level of transparency.

"With technologies such as blockchain, we can have a system, like a network, between all the municipalities we will create in the future," said Serdem.

"Thanks to Blockchain, we can create a self-management process, we can share all the roles in society."

To achieve this, the Technology Committee is experimenting with new forms of digital management that match Rojavin's democratic ideal.

For example, blockchain technologies can empower individuals to exercise power over institutions, establish smart deals to formalize their relationships, and transparent oversight of operations.

"Watching is a good opportunity to see how it works in practice," said Serdem.

Revolutionary hackers
Along with these tools, Rojava wants to set an example of a democratic society across the Middle East and the world.

Serdem emphasized that violent measures will not achieve this change, but by demonstrating to the world that another system - a system that works alongside ecology, autonomy, and self-management - is possible.

"We do not use the energy to develop this idea, it's a matter of evolution," Serdem said.

Such evolution is based on the subtle updating of old systems with new technologies, continued Serdem, which gives the movement the strength that previous revolutions have not yet achieved.

Also, the project seeks to attract allies around the world, "revolutionary hackers," said Serdem, who will likely help to get the project done.

"We know that many people have expertise and philosophy, they know very well that the current system does not work, and that does not work that way," Serdem said.

Tailoring efforts in Europe to attract young, idealistic programmers interested in introducing ideas of decentralized and social change associated with that.

According to Serdem, Rojava is the last opportunity for such a revolution to overthrow the old system of global capitalist exploitation and the new form of slavery consumers.

"She is looking for me, this is the last opportunity for people," said Serdem CoinDesku, concluding:

"We need to build this as an example, Rojava can be our first step to becoming the captain of our planet occupied by the old system."

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